Berlin SD-RAN Trial
Mobile RAN – Past and Present
Mobile RAN networks have historically been implemented in vendor proprietary base stations. Operators would like to see interoperable RAN components, and to have control over spectrum optimization and end-user experience.
Operators, through the O-RAN consortium, are advocating for a disaggregation of RAN networks into interoperable RU, DU, CU components
A near real-time RIC (RAN Intelligent Controller) is integral to the O-RAN architecture. The nRT-RIC supports xApps responsible for advanced functions (like handover) that historically have been opaque vendor proprietary functions embedded in the base stations.
The SD-RAN project is building an open source nRT-RIC and exemplar xApps to accelerate the adoption of the O-RAN architecture and the availability of interoperable O-RAN components.
At the heart of ONF’s SD-RAN architecture is the µONOS RIC, based on ONOS, the leading open source SDN control plane for operators.
ONOS RIC is a cloud-native, carrier-grade SDN controller that enables:
- Ease in scalability
- High performance
- High availability
- Support for multi-vendor equipment
The µONOS RIC uses a microservices architecture that includes the following elements:
- Certificate Manager
- Topology Manager
- Configuration Manager
- RAN Control Manager
- Distributed Store
A Deeper Dive into SD-RAN
SD-RAN is ONF’s exemplar platform for 3GPP compliant software-defined RAN and is consistent with the O-RAN architecture. It is cloud-native and leverages several of ONF’s well established platforms including the ONOS SDN Controller.
The Mobile TST oversees the SD-RAN, SD-Core and OMEC projects and is responsible for all technical decisions.